||Equivalent annual cost
In finance the equivalent annual cost (EAC) is the cost per year of owning and operating an asset over its entire lifespan.
EAC is often used as a decision making tool in capital budgeting when comparing investment projects of unequal lifespans. For example if project A has an expected lifetime of 7 years, and project B has an expected lifetime of 11 years it would be improper to simply compare the net present values (NPVs) of the two projects, unless neither project could be repeated.
The use of the EAC method implies that the project will be replaced by an identical project.
A practical example:
A manager must decide on which machine to purchase:
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